According to some scholars, gender inequality negatively affects economic development, and thus gender equality is crucial to efficient economic growth and development. Like in many other fields, male voices and perspectives have traditionally dominated in economics.
Considering some facts about the current situation of female economists that show the gender imbalances in economics, the aim of the following project is to answer the main question of why women are so underrepresented in this field. This paper is mainly a critical literature review, which analyses the most determinant factors that could be the cause of this underrepresentation of female economists through extensive bibliography research of existing studies, researches and theories.
To do so, a distinction is made between three concrete fields:
the educational, the work environment and the sociological point of view. This paper begins with a brief historical overview of the role of women in economic history; secondly, it analyses the literature review to identify the main factors that could explain the gender gap in economics; finally, the paper studies the potential implications of the results found and the measures that are being implemented to reverse this situation. The paper ends with a conclusion and personal assessment.